UK University Fee Status – The Basics

What are the different fee statuses and how are they assigned?

UK Universities categorise all their incoming applications at undergraduate level into Home/EU fee status or Overseas fee status. They need to make this distinction because they receive funding for Home/EU students but not for Overseas students and therefore, Overseas students will pay more for their degree than Home/EU students. The process of assessing a student’s fee status is to determine if they are eligible for that funding or not. In order to do this, universities use a set of rules and regulations published by UKCISA to a range of different student backgrounds and circumstances.

For the most part, this assessment is quite straight forward but for some ‘borderline’ students it may be harder to assign a fee status, such students might be British/European citizens living overseas, refugees, asylum seekers or leave to remainers, for example. Here universities use their discretion, interpretation of the rules or internal policy to determine fee status, as the UKCISA rules and regulations can fall short of providing a clear answer. In these instances, universities may automatically assign an Overseas status and leave it to the student to contest it or they may require students to submit further information to assist with the assessment of their fee status. Because each university is using their discretion in these instances (and therefore, applying a slightly different policy), it’s often the case that a student will receive some Home/EU offers and some Overseas.

What are the fees and funding options for the different fee statuses?

Tuition fees differ depending on where in the UK the student is applying to university. Home/EU fees in England, Wales and Northern Ireland are currently set at £9,250 per year. Overseas fees range from £14,950 to £58,600 per year depending on the course and university. [1]

In Scotland, Home/EU (Scottish and EU students) fees are currently £1,820. Students applying to Scottish universities but living in England, Wales or Northern Ireland are classified as RUK (Resident UK) students and have to pay £9,250. Overseas fees range from £14,600 to £49,900. [2]

In any of the four countries, most students who are eligible for Home/EU fees are also eligible for a student loan (and sometimes a grant) to cover or part-cover their tuition and maintenance costs. Depending upon where the student lives, applications for student loans have to be made via the relevant student loans company such as Student Finance England  http://www.sfengland.slc.co.uk,  Student Awards Agency Scotland (SAAS) www.saas.gov.uk, Student Finance Wales www.studentfinancewales.co.uk or Student Finance Northern Ireland www.studentfinanceni.co.uk

Overseas students may have to pay additional fees, such as college fees at Oxford or Cambridge, that can be around £10,000 per year on top of tuition. Maintenance (or living) costs for all students are around £10,000+ per year of study.

Overseas students cannot apply for student loans to cover their tuition or maintenance costs, so their funding options are very limited. They also may be required to pay more of their tuition fees upfront and/or pay an interest fee if they wish to pay in instalments.

An additional factor to consider is that some courses, such as Medicine, cap the number of places available to Overseas students and therefore, the competition to get in is much higher. Some Medical degrees have as few as 7 places for Overseas students but will still receive hundreds of exceptional applications.

All of this means that the stakes are high for receiving a Home/EU fee status if the student is eligible.

Who is eligible for Home/EU fees?

Being a British/EU citizen or holding a British/EU passport is not enough to qualify for Home/EU fee status. Nor does owning property in the UK/EU or having lived there previously. If you have left the UK/EU and now live abroad or have recently returned to the UK/EU after a period away, you may have lost your eligibility.

There are two main points of the rules and regulations that determine who is considered a Home/EU student.

Firstly, Home/EU students need to demonstrate that they have been ‘ordinarily resident’ in the UK for at least the three years prior to starting university. It is possible to have ordinary residence in more than one country at a time, so living outside of the UK alone won’t necessarily jeopardise the student’s UK ordinary residence. This means that, despite living abroad, they should continue to have a ‘habitual and regular mode of life’ in the UK/EU country, maintaining strong connections that demonstrate that the UK/EU country is their permanent home country. This can be demonstrated through a number of ways including, regularly visiting the home country, owning property, having family based there etc.

Secondly, students need to show that any absence from the UK/EU is of a temporary nature and that it is their intension to return to the UK at some point. For this, universities will look at the parents’ current and previous employment, property ownership, rental agreements etc. There is no concrete rule about how long ‘temporary’ is – universities will take a different stance on this; some will have a strict cut off period and others will be flexible based on the student’s circumstances.

Generally, if a student fulfils the criteria for ordinary residence and temporary absence and is able to provide solid evidence for this, then they will be perceived as Home/EU, although there are always anomalies! Completing university applications and forms correctly and presenting the right evidence is vital for a successful outcome.

UKSO are the leading experts in UK University Fee Status. We have been advising schools, families and students around the world on this complex topic for 10 years and have helped over 1,000 expat families with their fee status queries. Get in touch for a personalised Fee Status Appraisal.

[1] Reddin Survey of University Tuition Fees 2018-19
[2] Reddin Survey of University Tuition Fees 2018-19

Three Tips for Appealing a Fee Status Decision (for UK/EU expats)

The UCAS applications are in and your son or daughter has started receiving offers, but you’re surprised and disheartened by the fact that the offers are for overseas fees and not home/EU.

You’re now facing anything between a £14,250[1] and £171,250[2] increase in tuition fees depending on the course, and with no access to student loans, the added prospect of funding their degree completely yourselves. For many students, this may even amount to not being able to take up those offers, despite how hard they worked to get a place.

At UK Study Options, we deal with hundreds of fee status cases a year and we see this all the time. Unfortunately, after receiving an offer, it’s harder to change your fee status but you can ask the reason for the fee status given and appeal the decision on the grounds that you have additional information or evidence that could change the status.

It’s important to understand that universities must undertake due diligence to ensure that public funding goes to the correct students, i.e. home or EU students. To make their assessment, they apply the rules and regulations published by UKCISA[3] as best as possible to a whole range of different student backgrounds and circumstances. For those who are genuinely eligible for home/EU fees and may be subject to an incorrect fee assessment, here are three tips for appealing the decision.


Your son or daughter has been eagerly awaiting an offer from their top choice university but no matter how tempting, don’t let them accept the overseas offer until you have followed the appeals process to the end. Once you accept the offer, you are accepting the fee status given and there is no going back.


Some universities may simply ask you to put your reasons for appeal in writing, others may have an online process you need to follow. Establish what the university’s appeals process is, initiate the process in writing and follow the process to the letter, keeping good records of all correspondence between you and the university throughout.


Make it as easy as possible for the university to review your case by organising your information and available evidence into a digestible form. This may mean using tables to explain dates/visits, bulleted lists to explain relevant circumstances. Admissions staff won’t appreciate long paragraphs where they have to hunt for the information they need. And don’t send actual evidence through unless they request it – some university email accounts block emails with many or large attachments.

It’s always better to prepare your information and evidence well in advance of applying so that your son or daughter gets assigned the fee status that they are eligible for at the time of offer. But if you do wish to appeal a decision, the above tips should make the process easier for both you and the university.

We are experts in fee status who have received the same UKCISA training as university staff assessing your son or daughter’s fee status. We are a small team of ex admissions officers who understand the process from both inside the university and from the student’s perspective. This means we are best placed to help you with your fee status queries – get in touch for personalised support pre or post application.

Get in touch at hello@ukstudyoptions.com



[1] Based on the difference between the lowest home/EU fees and the lowest overseas fees in the UK i.e. Art, Humanities or Social Science fees in Wales in 2018.
[2] Based on the difference between the highest home/EU fees and the highest overseas fees in the UK i.e. Dentistry in England in 2018.
[3] www.ukcisa.org.uk/Information–Advice/Fees-and-Money/Home-or-Overseas-fees-the-basics

UK University Fee Status Assessments Myths and Assumptions

UK University Fee Status Assessments Myths and Assumptions

Myths and assumptions made by expatriates

So, the UCAS application is in at last and now you are receiving emails from individual universities asking you to fill in a Fee Status Questionnaire (FSQ). In this blog we tackle some of the myths that expatriate families may have about fee status.


Universities are part funded by the UK Government. They have to undertake due diligence in identifying students who have a right to UK/EU tuition fees (and subsequently student loans). Particular scrutiny is given to students applying for costly degrees such as lab-based courses, veterinary, dentistry and medicine. Fee status forms are sent to students who are based overseas and some who are based in the UK to establish which category of student they are and whether they are entitled to UK/EU fees. The FSQ forms are for prospective undergraduate and postgraduate students.


Myth: a UK/EU passport is enough to entitle my son/daughter to Home/EU fees.


No, British or EU citizenship is just one of the factors for consideration. It is not enough to have a British or EU passport, you also need to show that you maintain your ‘ordinary residence’ in your home country by visiting as a family often enough and for long enough each year.


Asylum seekers, ‘Leave to Remainers’ and Refugees may also be entitled to UK/EU fees.


Myth: being overseas on a visa means that I have to return to my home country and therefore should be entitled to UK/EU fee status.


Thousands of expat families are based overseas on a visa which is re-issued every two years or so. Being on a visa does not mean that your son/daughter is automatically entitled to UK/EU fees when starting university in the UK. Universities want to know how you maintain your connections to the UK/EU – do you return to the same place, as a family (at least one parent, student and siblings) for a number of weeks each year?


The actual time recommended to spend in the UK/EU is not specified – this is one of the many questions open to interpretation by a Fee Status Admissions Team. While one admissions person may think that six weeks a year is required, another may be of the opinion that three weeks a year is sufficient.


Myth: owning property in the UK/EU should ensure Home/EU fee status.


No. In actual fact, you don’t have to own property in the UK to be eligible for Home/EU fees at a UK university. It does help though if you do have a property and even better if you have a property that is vacant for sole family use each year.


Myth: returning to the UK for long enough each year for the three years before the university application will ensure UK/EU fee status.


Simply returning to the UK may help but it is important to show that you have a single ‘home base’ in order to establish a pattern of ‘ordinary residence’. The universities may also ask for evidence of visits back to your home base before the three years prior to university entry. Some may want to go as far back as the student’s birth.


Establishing UK/EU fee status is not a simple tick box exercise. It is necessary to demonstrate commitment to your home country, showing that you maintain strong family links with a clear intention to return at some point in the near future.

Why apply for a foundation programme as an international student?

International foundation courses prepare international students for study at a UK university when they do not meet all the necessary academic or English Language requirements. Sometimes there can be a misconception that foundation programmes are for students whose school results are not high enough for direct entry. In reality many international students with excellent grades need to complete a foundation course simply because of the differences in school education around the world. Some countries have 12 years of pre-university education, followed by 4-year undergraduate degrees. If these students want to go to university in a country which has 13 years of pre- university education followed by a 3-year undergraduate degree (such as the UK), they will usually be required to take a foundation programme.

Most UK one year foundation programmes are offered either directly by a university or through a partnership with a corporate provider such as INTO or Kaplan. Corporate providers may deliver the programmes either on the university campus or use their own centre facilities. Student attendance will be monitored and plenty of weekly contact hours provided. Completion of a foundation programme does not result in a formal qualification. Instead, most providers form partnerships with universities to allow progression onto an undergraduate degree (subject to achieving required results during the foundation course).

Unfortunately there is no standardisation in the way foundation courses are named or marketed, however the most common terms used are ‘foundation programme’, ‘foundation year’, or ‘undergraduate pathway’.

All foundation programmes generally have 4 main strands: academic content, English language tuition, study skills and cultural adaptation but the proportion of time allocated to each differs significantly between programmes. In addition, most foundation courses aim to prepare students for a specific area of study – the most popular disciplines are Business & Economics and Engineering & Technology. This is done in a variety of formats e.g. some market one programme in which the student can select different modules in order to focus on a particular area, whereas others market multiple programmes where the study content is controlled by the university and the subject focus is pre-determined.

Some foundation courses will also accept international students who have studied A-levels or IB but who haven’t quite achieved the required grades to apply for direct entry to an undergraduate course.  King’s College, for example, will take students on some of their specialised subject pathways but not all of them.

The variety of courses on offer by a multitude of providers means it is necessary to really do your research in order to select a programme that is suitable for you as an individual and that is likely to give you the best opportunity to gain entry to your preferred undergraduate degree course.

Have further questions or queries regarding foundation courses?  Contact the UKSO team for informed and independent advice.



Applying to a postgraduate level course. How does it differ from undergraduate level?

Applying to a postgraduate course in the UK is very different to applying to an undergraduate course. For a start, very few universities use a generic application system such as UCAS. Instead, most universities require you to apply directly to them and they differ widely in terms of admissions process and entry requirements. Therefore, when applying, it is crucial to really do your research. Look at each postgrad course separately and understand what they are looking for in a student. You’ll need to tailor everyone of your documents (CV, personal statement, entry essays etc) to each course. You might think this is a lot of work, and it is! But it is necessary to compete at postgrad level where the stakes are higher. Having worked on Admissions Teams for some of the UK’s top universities, the UKSO team is trained to guide you through these demanding application processes and maximise your chance of success.  

The other major difference between undergrad and postgrad is the expectation that you will be accomplished in a number of areas. Universities expect you to have used your undergraduate time wisely. They want to see, not only academic achievement but some work experience (have you completed an internship or held a weekend job?), extra-curricular activities and responsibilities (are you the treasurer of a society or have you dedicated a lot of time to learning a skill?) and volunteering and projects (are you passionate about a certain cause?). Accomplishments outside of your degree show motivation, dedication, commitment, time management skills…the list goes on! What university wouldn’t want that kind of student?

When we work with you, UKSO takes time to learn about you and uses that information to help you develop a competitive profile that universities will take notice of.   



What university admissions staff look for when considering applications

Admissions staff at leading universities have an in-depth knowledge of what type of applicant is likely to be a successful student on their course.

Admissions staff will consider the predicted grades, the personal statement and reference regarding a student’s suitability for the course. They may also use tests and interviews at one or more stages of the process.

  1. Admissions staff will check that the applicant is predicted to meet the entry requirements.

Staff look at each application and at the predicted (or actual) results in individual subjects and qualifications. In some cases this may include details of marks rather than just grades.

For many leading universities, there is also a minimum requirement for GCSE grades (or equivalent), particularly in mathematics and English.

Predicted grades and GCSE (or equivalent) grades are important in helping admissions staff assess an applicant’s academic potential.

  1. Admissions staff will look for evidence that the applicant has good subject knowledge and is enthusiastic about the course. The personal statement should demonstrate this.

Admissions staff look for a personal statement that clearly outlines why the applicant wants to study that particular subject, what interests them about the subject and what they know about it.

Students only have one personal statement and it should be relevant to all five choices.

The personal statement can be used in different ways depending on the university and the course applied for. Some university admissions teams score a personal statement against set criteria, while others will check that it is broadly satisfactory.

For many competitive courses, it is the personal statement that can make the difference between an offer and a rejection.

  1. Admissions staff will look for an appropriate and supportive reference from the applicant’s school.

The reference should be written by someone who knows the student and should concentrate on his or her academic ability and suitability for the course that is being applied for.

  1. Many courses do not use interviews or additional tests. However, interviews and tests may be used for courses that receive a very high number of applicants or have additional professional requirements.

There are many different approaches. Interviews and tests may be used to differentiate between very strong applicants or to assess professional suitability, for example, for the medical profession. Some courses may require other types of additional information such as a portfolio of work. The key is to do your research and plan ahead so that if you are required to sit an additional test or provide additional work you are prepared.