What are the different fee statuses and how are they assigned?
UK Universities categorise all their incoming applications at undergraduate level into Home/EU fee status or Overseas fee status. They need to make this distinction because they receive funding for Home/EU students but not for Overseas students and therefore, Overseas students will pay more for their degree than Home/EU students. The process of assessing a student’s fee status is to determine if they are eligible for that funding or not. In order to do this, universities use a set of rules and regulations published by UKCISA to a range of different student backgrounds and circumstances.
For the most part, this assessment is quite straight forward but for some ‘borderline’ students it may be harder to assign a fee status, such students might be British/European citizens living overseas, refugees, asylum seekers or leave to remainers, for example. Here universities use their discretion, interpretation of the rules or internal policy to determine fee status, as the UKCISA rules and regulations can fall short of providing a clear answer. In these instances, universities may automatically assign an Overseas status and leave it to the student to contest it or they may require students to submit further information to assist with the assessment of their fee status. Because each university is using their discretion in these instances (and therefore, applying a slightly different policy), it’s often the case that a student will receive some Home/EU offers and some Overseas.
What are the fees and funding options for the different fee statuses?
Tuition fees differ depending on where in the UK the student is applying to university. Home/EU fees in England, Wales and Northern Ireland are currently set at £9,250 per year. Overseas fees range from £14,950 to £58,600 per year depending on the course and university. 
In Scotland, Home/EU (Scottish and EU students) fees are currently £1,820. Students applying to Scottish universities but living in England, Wales or Northern Ireland are classified as RUK (Resident UK) students and have to pay £9,250. Overseas fees range from £14,600 to £49,900. 
In any of the four countries, most students who are eligible for Home/EU fees are also eligible for a student loan (and sometimes a grant) to cover or part-cover their tuition and maintenance costs. Depending upon where the student lives, applications for student loans have to be made via the relevant student loans company such as Student Finance England http://www.sfengland.slc.co.uk, Student Awards Agency Scotland (SAAS) www.saas.gov.uk, Student Finance Wales www.studentfinancewales.co.uk or Student Finance Northern Ireland www.studentfinanceni.co.uk
Overseas students may have to pay additional fees, such as college fees at Oxford or Cambridge, that can be around £10,000 per year on top of tuition. Maintenance (or living) costs for all students are around £10,000+ per year of study.
Overseas students cannot apply for student loans to cover their tuition or maintenance costs, so their funding options are very limited. They also may be required to pay more of their tuition fees upfront and/or pay an interest fee if they wish to pay in instalments.
An additional factor to consider is that some courses, such as Medicine, cap the number of places available to Overseas students and therefore, the competition to get in is much higher. Some Medical degrees have as few as 7 places for Overseas students but will still receive hundreds of exceptional applications.
All of this means that the stakes are high for receiving a Home/EU fee status if the student is eligible.
Who is eligible for Home/EU fees?
Being a British/EU citizen or holding a British/EU passport is not enough to qualify for Home/EU fee status. Nor does owning property in the UK/EU or having lived there previously. If you have left the UK/EU and now live abroad or have recently returned to the UK/EU after a period away, you may have lost your eligibility.
There are two main points of the rules and regulations that determine who is considered a Home/EU student.
Firstly, Home/EU students need to demonstrate that they have been ‘ordinarily resident’ in the UK for at least the three years prior to starting university. It is possible to have ordinary residence in more than one country at a time, so living outside of the UK alone won’t necessarily jeopardise the student’s UK ordinary residence. This means that, despite living abroad, they should continue to have a ‘habitual and regular mode of life’ in the UK/EU country, maintaining strong connections that demonstrate that the UK/EU country is their permanent home country. This can be demonstrated through a number of ways including, regularly visiting the home country, owning property, having family based there etc.
Secondly, students need to show that any absence from the UK/EU is of a temporary nature and that it is their intension to return to the UK at some point. For this, universities will look at the parents’ current and previous employment, property ownership, rental agreements etc. There is no concrete rule about how long ‘temporary’ is – universities will take a different stance on this; some will have a strict cut off period and others will be flexible based on the student’s circumstances.
Generally, if a student fulfils the criteria for ordinary residence and temporary absence and is able to provide solid evidence for this, then they will be perceived as Home/EU, although there are always anomalies! Completing university applications and forms correctly and presenting the right evidence is vital for a successful outcome.
UKSO are the leading experts in UK University Fee Status. We have been advising schools, families and students around the world on this complex topic for 10 years and have helped over 1,000 expat families with their fee status queries. Get in touch for a personalised Fee Status Appraisal.
 Reddin Survey of University Tuition Fees 2018-19
 Reddin Survey of University Tuition Fees 2018-19
Myths and assumptions made by expatriates
So, the UCAS application is in at last and now you are receiving emails from individual universities asking you to fill in a Fee Status Questionnaire (FSQ). In this blog we tackle some of the myths that expatriate families may have about fee status.
Universities are part funded by the UK Government. They have to undertake due diligence in identifying students who have a right to UK/EU tuition fees (and subsequently student loans). Particular scrutiny is given to students applying for costly degrees such as lab-based courses, veterinary, dentistry and medicine. Fee status forms are sent to students who are based overseas and some who are based in the UK to establish which category of student they are and whether they are entitled to UK/EU fees. The FSQ forms are for prospective undergraduate and postgraduate students.
Myth: a UK/EU passport is enough to entitle my son/daughter to Home/EU fees.
No, British or EU citizenship is just one of the factors for consideration. It is not enough to have a British or EU passport, you also need to show that you maintain your ‘ordinary residence’ in your home country by visiting as a family often enough and for long enough each year.
Asylum seekers, ‘Leave to Remainers’ and Refugees may also be entitled to UK/EU fees.
Myth: being overseas on a visa means that I have to return to my home country and therefore should be entitled to UK/EU fee status.
Thousands of expat families are based overseas on a visa which is re-issued every two years or so. Being on a visa does not mean that your son/daughter is automatically entitled to UK/EU fees when starting university in the UK. Universities want to know how you maintain your connections to the UK/EU – do you return to the same place, as a family (at least one parent, student and siblings) for a number of weeks each year?
The actual time recommended to spend in the UK/EU is not specified – this is one of the many questions open to interpretation by a Fee Status Admissions Team. While one admissions person may think that six weeks a year is required, another may be of the opinion that three weeks a year is sufficient.
Myth: owning property in the UK/EU should ensure Home/EU fee status.
No. In actual fact, you don’t have to own property in the UK to be eligible for Home/EU fees at a UK university. It does help though if you do have a property and even better if you have a property that is vacant for sole family use each year.
Myth: returning to the UK for long enough each year for the three years before the university application will ensure UK/EU fee status.
Simply returning to the UK may help but it is important to show that you have a single ‘home base’ in order to establish a pattern of ‘ordinary residence’. The universities may also ask for evidence of visits back to your home base before the three years prior to university entry. Some may want to go as far back as the student’s birth.
Establishing UK/EU fee status is not a simple tick box exercise. It is necessary to demonstrate commitment to your home country, showing that you maintain strong family links with a clear intention to return at some point in the near future.
Applying to a postgraduate course in the UK is very different to applying to an undergraduate course. For a start, very few universities use a generic application system such as UCAS. Instead, most universities require you to apply directly to them and they differ widely in terms of admissions process and entry requirements. Therefore, when applying, it is crucial to really do your research. Look at each postgrad course separately and understand what they are looking for in a student. You’ll need to tailor everyone of your documents (CV, personal statement, entry essays etc) to each course. You might think this is a lot of work, and it is! But it is necessary to compete at postgrad level where the stakes are higher. Having worked on Admissions Teams for some of the UK’s top universities, the UKSO team is trained to guide you through these demanding application processes and maximise your chance of success.
The other major difference between undergrad and postgrad is the expectation that you will be accomplished in a number of areas. Universities expect you to have used your undergraduate time wisely. They want to see, not only academic achievement but some work experience (have you completed an internship or held a weekend job?), extra-curricular activities and responsibilities (are you the treasurer of a society or have you dedicated a lot of time to learning a skill?) and volunteering and projects (are you passionate about a certain cause?). Accomplishments outside of your degree show motivation, dedication, commitment, time management skills…the list goes on! What university wouldn’t want that kind of student?
When we work with you, UKSO takes time to learn about you and uses that information to help you develop a competitive profile that universities will take notice of.
Top business schools in the UK such as Imperial, UCL, LSE and LBS are extremely competitive. Business courses at these institutions are often individually ranked which means that they attract 1000s of applications each year and therefore, the entry requirements are high and very strict. So how do you compete with the 100s of candidates applying for the same position on the course?
Apart from ensuring that you meet the basic entry criteria detailed on their websites, you need to present yourself as the right ‘fit’ for the institution and the course. There are some general characteristics that business schools are looking for which you need to demonstrate in your personal statement and CV:
- Leadership – business courses at postgraduate level are designed to develop the leader in you but they need something to work with. You have to show them that you already have the hallmarks of a leader and that they merely have to tap into this to bring it to fruition.
- International exposure – business schools are international places just like the world of work. They want to see that you are not phased by the mixing pot of ideas and approaches that come from multiculturalism and that you can thrive in such environments. By drawing on some of your international experiences you demonstrate that you can contribute to their diversity. But note: they are not interested in your beach holidays; your international exposure must have purpose!
- Self-awareness – business school courses often focus on developing your soft skills (team-work, communication, project and time management etc) but to develop in these areas, you need to be able to observe yourself, take criticism and improve. A lack of self-awareness inhibits this goal so show the admissions teams your ability to self-assess, overcome challenges and learn from your mistakes in education, work or life.
- Give back – Business schools don’t give something for nothing. They are looking for students who ‘give back’ to the school by immersing themselves in the student experience (societies, conferences, research groups, networking events), encouraging the next cohort of students to join the school and ultimately, becoming an accomplished alumnus/a who will go on to do incredible things. In a way, you have to pitch yourself to them through your career aspirations, your personal goals, your future achievements and give them something that they want to put their name on.
UKSO knows what business schools are looking for. We will help you pitch yourself successfully and get a place on a world-leading masters course.